How the 40 Hour Work Week Came to be.
People during the year 1890 were already used to working a whole hundred tiring hours a day. The employees at this time only had the time to work and no time for them to pay attention to themselves or their families. In Wales is where everything to do with the eight hour a day for five days system started. In 1817, Robert Owen thought it better to divide the day into three parts. Each part was divided into eight hours. Each part here had its own function as the first part was for work, the other for recreational purposes and the other for resting. This idea was not favored by the Europeans but with a few more decades it became popular in the United States.
In 1866, the National Labor Union might not have succeeded in making the eight hour workday in to a law but they did bring awareness about such a thing to the people. The law of the eight hour workday was passed but had a few loopholes that allowed employees to have contracts with the employees where there would be an addition of hours. This day was called May Day. Government workers got lucky as the eight hour workday became effective in 1869 in their working areas and had stable wages. In the 1870s and 1880s, other unions were effortlessly fighting to have the eight hour work day and on every May 1st they would strike. In 1886, labor organizations announced for a national strike where so many people turned out. With the help of government workers and printing industries , the eight hours workday was printed in the paper where it was talked about . In 1914, the Ford Motor Company acted like they are putting the eight hour into action while in real sense it was not all true as there were so many hidden agendas. The railway workers were able to work for eight hours a day three years after 1916.
Companies that did not implement the eight hour system had their workers employees striking demanding that. In 1926 is when the Ford Motor Company started using the 40 hour work week. The General Motors which are in Flint lacked to give their employees breaks, sick pays and also off days and this is what caused a strike in 1937. There was only a reduction of hours even after the strike and they were not eight hours. President Franklin Delano is the one who signed the Fair Labor Standards in 1938. In 1940 on October 24th the eight hours workday system became effective.